Tag: Start your own business

Production Of Peanut Butter

Product Description:

Groundnut(peanut) butter is comminuted, cohesive paste made by grinding the nuts to a fine consistency, mixing with about 2% salt(sodium chloride), and small quantities of emulsifier such lecithin or monoglycerides.

The emulsifiers are used to prevent separation of the peanut oil from the other components.

Raw Materials:

The following are the proportions of ingredients to be used.
Groundnut paste 90 – 92% by weight
Groundnut oil 5%
Salt 2%
Emulsifier 1 – 3%

Equipment Needed: Plate mill/ liquidizer, Sieve, Scale.

Production Steps:

1- Preparation of Raw material: Dry, dehusked and clean groundnuts. Get rid of the spoilt kernels.

2- Roasting: Place nuts on a pre-heated griddle or in a rotating roaster for 20 minutes at 200 degree Celcius.

3- Cooling: Cool to room temperature.

4- Dehulling: Seperate the brown seed coat from the cotyledon. This can be done using hand or by winnowing.

5- Milling: Grind the dehulled groundnut to a paste in a mill or liquidizer.

6- Mixing- Add salt, emulsifier and oil to the paste and mix thoroughly.

7- Cool and Pack: Fill in glass jars and seal.

Packaging:

Fill the product in a clean glass jar, seal and label. It should be store in a cool, dry place.

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How To Make Hair Conditioner 

Product Description:
A thick liquid that is put on the hair after washing it to make it softer and less dry.
Raw Materials/Chemical Composition:
Paraffin oil 1/2 unit
Lanette 1/2 unit
Acetyl alcohol 1/4 unit
Stearic acid 1/8 unit
Water 5 units
Propylene glycol 1/4 unit

 
Equipments Needed:
Heating system, Boiler and Stirrer.

 
Production Steps:

 
1- Prepare your raw materials/chemicals.
2- Set up a heat system e.g stove.
3- put a heating vessel on the heat system e.g pot.
4- Add the paraffin in the vessel while heat is still being supply.
5- Add lanette.
6- Add acetyl alcohol.
7- Add stearic acid after ensuring the mixture have all melted.
8- Add water
9- Finally, add propylene glycol and stir thoroughly.
10- Remove the heating vessel from the heat source.

 
Packaging and Storage:
Allow to cool properly. Pack in a clean container.

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