Category: Uncategorized

Production Of Peanut Butter

Product Description:

Groundnut(peanut) butter is comminuted, cohesive paste made by grinding the nuts to a fine consistency, mixing with about 2% salt(sodium chloride), and small quantities of emulsifier such lecithin or monoglycerides.

The emulsifiers are used to prevent separation of the peanut oil from the other components.

Raw Materials:

The following are the proportions of ingredients to be used.
Groundnut paste 90 – 92% by weight
Groundnut oil 5%
Salt 2%
Emulsifier 1 – 3%

Equipment Needed: Plate mill/ liquidizer, Sieve, Scale.

Production Steps:

1- Preparation of Raw material: Dry, dehusked and clean groundnuts. Get rid of the spoilt kernels.

2- Roasting: Place nuts on a pre-heated griddle or in a rotating roaster for 20 minutes at 200 degree Celcius.

3- Cooling: Cool to room temperature.

4- Dehulling: Seperate the brown seed coat from the cotyledon. This can be done using hand or by winnowing.

5- Milling: Grind the dehulled groundnut to a paste in a mill or liquidizer.

6- Mixing- Add salt, emulsifier and oil to the paste and mix thoroughly.

7- Cool and Pack: Fill in glass jars and seal.

Packaging:

Fill the product in a clean glass jar, seal and label. It should be store in a cool, dry place.

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Relationship Nuggets 009

Stop making up excuses in your head for people, when they treat you badly or as an option just because you have become emotionally attached to them. People put in effort if they really want something to work. They make time for what they consider really important. They care and give attention to whomever they really love. Don’t be deceived by words. Pay attention to actions. Words can be deceiving but action don’t. Actions speak louder than words. People’s action is the true indicator of their true intentions.

Your partner determines how are you treated by his/her family. A mature person will take full responsibility to ensure there is a smooth relationship between his/her partner and family. Date someone who is mature enough to ensure his/her family treats you with respect. If you are being treated badly with disrespect by your in-laws it is often because of what your partner has said about you to them or because your partner fails to project you well or draw a line on what treatment he/she will tolerate/accept when it comes to you.

Don’t make a mistake of tolerating physical/emotional/mental abuse in a relationship. People who were murdered by their partner never saw it coming but must have noticed signs of excessive aggression in the partner at one point or the other. Don’t let your emotions blindfold you to your partner’s dangerous behaviour that poses a threat to your well-being or life. Don’t let an abusive relationship send you to an early grave. Always choose loneliness above an abusive partner/relationship. If it’s not healthy and loving it’s not worth it.

Relationship Nuggets 008

A mature person understand fully well that physical attraction is not a strong foundation upon which the bricks of a serious relationship can be laid hence it shouldn’t be the main reason to start a relationship. If you desire a loving, healthy and long term relationship you must discipline yourself to look beyond the obvious. Focus more on more important and lasting qualities like character, behaviour, mindset, ambition, goals among others rather than transient thing like physical features- attractive face, sexy body and so on. Physical attraction is definitely important but it will not determine how he/she will treat you in the relationship but their character will.

 
Every conflict in a relationship present an opportunity to reveal the true identity/nature of your partner. Anger atimes gives people the boldness to say what they have been hiding in the deepest part of their soul.

 
Never should you lose your voice in a relationship. A relationship where you can’t give voice to your emotions, fear, concerns and discomfort is not healthy. A relationship should be where you express yourself without the fear of being judged. Encourage your partner to express himself/herself and do the same. It is therapeutic.

How To Make Hair Conditioner 

Product Description:
A thick liquid that is put on the hair after washing it to make it softer and less dry.
Raw Materials/Chemical Composition:
Paraffin oil 1/2 unit
Lanette 1/2 unit
Acetyl alcohol 1/4 unit
Stearic acid 1/8 unit
Water 5 units
Propylene glycol 1/4 unit

 
Equipments Needed:
Heating system, Boiler and Stirrer.

 
Production Steps:

 
1- Prepare your raw materials/chemicals.
2- Set up a heat system e.g stove.
3- put a heating vessel on the heat system e.g pot.
4- Add the paraffin in the vessel while heat is still being supply.
5- Add lanette.
6- Add acetyl alcohol.
7- Add stearic acid after ensuring the mixture have all melted.
8- Add water
9- Finally, add propylene glycol and stir thoroughly.
10- Remove the heating vessel from the heat source.

 
Packaging and Storage:
Allow to cool properly. Pack in a clean container.

This category will be featured once in every month.

How To Make Biscuits (Using Soy-Fortified Wheat Flour)

Product Description:

 
Biscuits are baked products usually made from wheat flour. They are dry product, usually having a golden brown crust and a crisp, pale brown crumb.

Biscuits is usually within the range of 3 – 4 mm. Biscuits fortified with soy-flour show an increase of 19% in protein content.

 
Raw Materials Needed:

 
The following recipe is suggested in %
Wheat flour 29.5
Soybean flour 16.0
Margarine (fat) 25.0
Sugar 22.7
Salt 0.2
Egg (liquid whole egg) 1.4
Baking powder 1.6
Water 3.6

 
Equipments Needed:

 
Mixer, Cutter, Rolling pin, Oven, Heat sealer, Scales, Thermometer, Clock.

 
Production Steps:

 

1- Preparation of raw material: Weigh the flours( wheat and soybean) and prepare other ingredients.
2- Sieving process: Sieve the flour using a fine sieve 1mm aperture.
3- Mixing process: Mix flour, baking powder, salt, margarine together by hand or with an electric mixer. Call this the dry mixture.
4- Mixing process 2: Mix the egg with the sugar and water in a seperate container. Call this the liquid mixture.
5- Kneading process: Add the liquid mixture to the dry mixture and knead to form a dough.
6- Rolling process: Use a rolling stick/pan and board to roll the mixture to a thickness of 5mm.
7- Cutting process: Cut into shape of your choice using a hand cutter.
8- Baking process: Bake at 200 – 250 degree celcius for 5 to 20 minutes until it turn to a golden brown.
9- Cooling process: Cool the freshly baked biscuits to a room temperature.
10- Packing process: Pack the biscuits in a plastic containers and sealed. Afterwards store in a dry cool place.

 
Packaging and Storage:

 
The biscuit should be properly cooled before packaging into a moisture-proof wrapper. The shelf-life is several months under correct storage conditions.

It’s Better To Be Single And Lonely

Two are better than one because they can keep each other’s company, make each other happy, care for each other, encourage and support each other.

This is the essence of a relationship.

Relationship should add value to our lives not detract it.

Relationship should make our lives easier not complicated.

Relationship should help us to become happier and better than we can be on our own not the other way round.

Relationship should help us stay focus on what is important and achieve our dreams and ambitions not distract us and hold us back.

Life has its ups and downs already relationship should not add to it. Many stuff in life for instance work causes stress so relationship should not compound it.

Relationship is not a do or die affair. You don’t have to be in a relationship just because you are afraid or tired of being single and lonely.

Don’t stay in a relationship that makes your life miserable and deprived you of your peace of mind and sound night sleep.

It’s is better to be alone than to be in a relationship with a partner who is doing any of the following:

 
1) A partner that takes you and your efforts for granted.

 
2) A partner that lies to you about everything and anything, making you look like a fool in the presence of others.

 
3) A partner that makes you look like a fool for caring too much.

 
4) A partner who put you in doubt about where you actually belong in their life. Someone who is not committed to you.

 
5) A partner who takes undue advantage of you financially or in any way just because they know you love them so much and you are willing to do anything for them.

 
6) A partner who feels like he or she is doing you a favor by being with you.

 
7) A partner who doesn’t respect, support or appreciate you.

 
8) A partner that abuses you physically, emotionally, mentally or sexually.

 
9) A partner who sees and treats you as a competitor and feels threatened by your success and progress in life and career especially when you are getting ahead of them.

 
10) A partner who you have to beg for his/her attention and affection.

 
Relationship should be something you start because you have found the right person who is willing to put in the same effort you will put to ensure things work out.

Relationship should only start when you have find that one person that truly loves and cares about you just the same you do about them and also need you in his/her life to complete and compliment it like you also need them.

Relationship Nuggets 005

Competition is not ideal in a healthy relationship. It breeds a hostile atmosphere. Relationship is about togetherness not battle of the sexes. Relationship is not about fighting for which gender is superior. Healthy relationship involves two partners supporting and understanding each other. The right mindset in a relationship should be to see the failure of one as the failure of all: And same for success. Partners should encourage each other to break boundaries not compete with each other for who will be more successful and richer. See your partner as your team mate not as your competitor. When you support each other, you will grow, succeed and stay together.

 

Be careful of who you tell everything that happens in your relationship and who you run to for relationship advice. Most people you see as friends are not really your friends. Oftentimes they get jealous and bitter when you tell them about the happenings in your relationship. Most times your friends wish they have the kind of relationship you have that you are still complaining one or two things about to them. Human are naturally jealous and envious when they see people who have what they lack. And very few people can keep their jealous/envy under control, most people usually allow it to control them. This fact can make your friends give you advice that will make you do stuff that will ruin your relationship or even snatch away your partner from you. So before you take advice from a friend, you should always ask yourself will it help improve your relationship or make things worse.

 

Faithfulness is becoming a rare trait these days. If you want a faithful partner you must first choose to be a faithful person yourself. Then you must be determined never to settle for a cheating/unfaithful partner. Work on yourself to get to the state of mind when you tell a cheating partner to be faithful or lose you irrespective of how much you love and want to be with that person. Grow and develop yourself in every aspect of your life. When you work on yourself to become someone of great value it will become difficult for you to tolerate shit in a relationship. Make yourself that partner that brings value to a relationship apart from money(man) and your body(woman). Make yourself that partner that someone is afraid to lose because it will be difficult to replace him/her. Be a faithful and value adding partner.